Saturday, May 9, 2009

Daf 16 - Quiz

Q. When Mar Zutra & R. Ashi debate an issue which way does the Halacha go ?

A. The second Tosfos says we follow Rav Ashi for 3 reasons
He was the later Sage , he was greater in wisdom & in number.

Q. Is a gift more like an inheritance or like a purchase ?

A. It is a dispute.
Q. What did Rav Nachmans father do ?

A. He was a scribe who worked for the Beis Din of Shmuel.

Q. Where does it say in the Torah Be good or Be a nice Person ?

A. Dvarim 6:18.
Q. Where do find in one verse the word TOV / good , 3 times in various forms ?

A. Ibid.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Mitzvos of the Week

Behar has 24 Mitzvos
Bechukosai has 12

Behar begins with 4 laws of Shmita & 6 laws of Yovel.

Imagine that someone works 12 hour days & it is as if they are chained to their work.
Imagine the business is running the Owners , not the other way around.
Comes the Torah & says take off for a whole year !
Is that possible ? What a significant message. !
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Friday, May 8, 2009

Daf 15 - Quiz

Q. What is the difference between a loan that is recorded on a shtar or one that was left verbal ?

A. If it is only verbal one cannot collect from fields that were sold.

Q. Who was R. Chinana bar Shilas ?
A. A scribe in the days of Shmuel.
Q. What type of halachic issues did Shmuel deal with on a daily basis ?

A. Monetary issues.
Q. What is an apotiki ?

A. A field that was designated to be used for collections. 3 words- from this , come to collect.

Q. What happens if a man gave his sister some money & claims that its for a marriage proposal to marry her ?
A. Rav - she should hold it for him & return it if he asks for it.
Shmuel - it is considered a gift & we pasken this way.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Thursday, May 7, 2009

Daf 14 - Quiz

Q. What do we assume if we find a document without a guarantee in it ?

A. We assume the scribe left it out in error.

Q. Are there any exceptions ?
A. Yes. By a contract of a purchase where a person may be Mochel.

Q. One who sold a field with a guarantee , at what point does the seller need to get involved ?

A. Right away.
Q. One who sold a field but it was than discovered that it was not his to sell , what do we return to the innocent buyer ?

A. Rav - everything , his initial payment & his layout for upkeep.

Shmuel - only his initial payment.

Q. What is Shmuels reason ?

A. The money is like a loan. If he gives back more it will look like an interest payment.
Q. If someone stole a field & ruined it can he just say here is your field back ?

A. No. He needs to pay for the damages.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Wednesday, May 6, 2009

Daf 13 - Quiz

Q. In what case do all agree that one who found a document may not return it ?

A. If it contains a lien on property.

Q. If someone plans to ask for a loan , is he permitted to have a document prepared in advance to give to the lender when he will receive the loan ?

A. Yes
Q. What is a daitiki ?
A. A will of one who is ill. This should stand.

Q. What is a Shover ?

A. A receipt which breaks the original document by saying it was paid.
Q. What is the concern to avoid returning a note when the borrower admits to it ?
A. It may have been paid up & they are trying to steal from the lien.
Q. Which 2 Sages debate how to learn the dispute of R. Meir & the Chachomim of our Mishna ?
A. R. Elozer & R. Yochanon.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Daf 12 - Quiz

Q. If a 10 year old boy or girl finds a hundred dollars who gets to keep it ?

A. If there is no Siman their Father gets it.

Q. Is a poor worker allowed to have his children follow behind as he works to collect the gleanings for the poor ?

A. Yes.
Q. What are 2 reasons one may not own a lion or a wild dog ?

A. They may harm someone ,
They may scare away poor people whe come for charity.
Q. What if a 15 year old son who stays at home found something ?

A. Shmuel - he keeps it.
R. Chiya bar Abah - its the Fathers.
Q. What if he hired a worker to collect finds such as fish but the worker also found a box of gems who gets it ?
A. The employer. Rambam.

Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Tuesday, May 5, 2009

Daf 11- Quiz

Q. When does a persons yard acquire things for them even without their awareness ?

A. If the place is enclosed.
Q. Which is the only Mitzva that one cannot fulfill if he never forgets anything ?

A. To leave a forgotten bundle for the poor.
Q. If a field is not enclosed what other option is there to enable the field to acquire something for him?

A. If he is there to watch it.

Q. Why did they give R. Yehoshua ben Chananya Maaser Rishon ?

A. He was a Leivi.

Q. Why did they give R. Akiva ben Yosef Maaser ani ?

A. He was a Gabai Tzedaka.
Q. Can a person be forced to accept a gift ?
A. No.

Q. If he received it & than says I don't want it , what happens ?

A. It becomes hefker.

Q. What if he says from the beginning I refuse to accept it ?

A. It belongs to the original owner.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Monday, May 4, 2009

Daf 10- Quiz

Q. If a worker finds a purse of gold during his work hours & there is no Siman who gets to keep it ?

A. That worker.
Q. Why does a Jewish worker who is hired by a Jewish Boss have the right to quit even in the middle of a workday ?
A. We are all Hashems servants first !
Q. If someone saw a find first & he falls on top of it does that make it his ?

A. No.
Q. What is the power of aquiring a find that is within 4 Amos around a person ?

A. It is a Rabbinical institution to let that person own it so as to prevent fights.
Q. Why dosent this work when someone lays down on something ?

A. Because he is showing that he does not want the rule to assist him.
Q. Does a minor have the power of a yard or 4 amos ?

A. Reish Lokish - no
R. Yochanon - yes.

Q. What is the point of dispute ?
A. R. L. - a yard is like an agent.
R. Y. - it is like ones hand.
Q. If one person sends another to do a sin who gets most of the blame ?
A. The one who does it.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Sunday, May 3, 2009

Daf 9- Quiz

Q. If someone found an item that was hefker & he lifted it up partially , does he acquire it. ?

A. Not yet.
Q. How can there be a case where 3 people will end up owning the animals rope ?

A. Where one person is riding the animal & the other is holding the end of the rope & a third grabs the middle of it.
Q. If he was told to acquire the animal in the usual way , what is that ?
A. Not to ride it in the city where it is not proper.

Q. Where & for who might it be valid ?

A. In a riding area ,
For a dignified person or an undignified one , or for a woman.
Q. When can a person acquire items on the back of an animal through the animal ?

A. If the animal is tied up so that it cannot walk.

Q. What about in a rowboat ?

A. He does acquire things.

Q. If a person asks someone to pick up a find for him & the listener takes action & then claims he did it for himself , can he keep it ?
A. Yes.
Q. How can a person become an instant pauper ?

A. By saying all of his assests are hefkar.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Mitzvos of the week

63 in Parshas Emor.

22 relating to Kohanim
12 offerings without blemishes
29 regarding the holidays

Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.