Saturday, May 30, 2009

Daf 36 - Quiz

Q. What are the 4 types of oaths ?

A. - Bitui - speaking
- Wasted
- Pikodon - our topic &
- Eidus - testimony.

Q. Is one Shomer allowed to give it over to another Shomer without permission ?
A. No. Tosfos.

Q. If he did , is he liable ?

A. Rav - no
R. Yochanon - yes.

Q. One who agreed to watch something for someone can he have his wife & older children assist him ?

A. Yes.
Q. What if the Shomer was negligent & the animal ran away but then it died a regular death , is he liable ?
A. It is a dispute.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Thursday, May 28, 2009

Daf 35- Quiz

Q. When do we make both sides swear ?

A. If he gave a loan & took an item for security but now he claims the item was stolen & that it was only worth half the amount :
The Malveh swears - that the item is not by him ,
The loveh swears - it was worth the full amount.
Q. A person who receives a loan how does he think of his benefactor in glowing terms ?

A. Hashem made him wealthy because he is such a nice person.
Q. What if a shomer claims he dosent know where he put the item he will try to find it ?
A. He is considered negligent & he needs to pay for it right away. Rambam.
Q. What are some of the benefits of doing what is good in the eyes of Hashem ?

A. Hashem will act with goodness to you & He will give you His good land to inherit , see Dvarim 6:18.
Q. Where was Ameimar from ?

A. Nehardoeh
Q. What is the status of a husbands rights on the miluk property of his wife ?

A. As a buyer , not an heir.

Q. One who rented an animal for a week & then lent it to someone else for a day & it died on that day , what do we do ?

A. There are 2 opinions -
- the renter swears that it died & he makes the money from the borrower.
- R. Yosi - the owner gets the money.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Wednesday, May 27, 2009

Daf 34 - Quiz

Q. If something was stolen from a Shomer Chinom does he have to pay for it ?

A. He has 2 options -
- he can swear & be exempt ,
& if they find the theif he pays double to the owner.

- he can also choose to pay in which case he becomes the owner so that if they find the thief he pays double to the watchman.

Q. What if they get the animal back does the watchman also get the wool shearings & the offspring ?
A. No.
Q. What if he did not yet pay but he said he would ?
A. That is sufficent.

Q. What if he just said I m responsible ?
A. Also good enough.

Q. Which Braisos are most authoritative ?

A. The Tosefta of Dbei R. Chiya & Dbei R. Oshiya.
Q. What if he first refused to pay but then he said he would ?
A. It is good.

Q. We say Teiku on many of the questions , so what should be done ??
A. Rabeinu Chananel & Rambam say they split the money.
Q. When he is willing to pay is that all ?

A. He also needs to swear that it is not in his reshus.

Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Tuesday, May 26, 2009

Daf 33 - Quiz

Q. If a person finds something he himself lost & someone elses but he is only able to handle one of them , which comes first ?

A. His own is always first.
Q. His Fathers or his Rebbis which comes first ?

A. His Rebbi.

Q. How do we explain the difference between a Parent & a Rebbi ?

A. Parents brought us into this world , a Rebbi is one who enables us to merit the World to Come.

Q. How do we know that a person should try to avoid poverty ?

A. From Davarim 15:4.
Q. What are the 3 opinions of what defines one special Rebbi ?

A. R. Meir - taught him Gemara
R. Yehuda - most of his learning.
R. Yosi - even if he explained one Mishna.
Q. Which type of learning is called the best form of study ?

A. Gemara.
Q. Which learning should one always run to ?

A. Mishna.

Q. Who will rejoice when Moshiach comes ?

A. All Jews.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Daf 32 - Quiz

Q. Which is greater the Mitzva to honor Parents or the Mitzva to honor Hashem ?

A. They are equal in some ways.
Q. But then what should one do if his Parents ask for something at the same time when he has an item to return ?

A. The Parents also have the Mitzva to return found items thus that comes first.
Q. Which is greater to help unload an animal or to help load up ?
A. To unload.
Q. What are 2 reasons why unloading is a great Mitzva ?

A. The animal is suffering & the owner may lose a lot.
Q. What if his friend asks for help to unload & his enemy needs help to load which comes first ?

A. It is a Mitzva to load with his enemy first in order to subdue his evil inclination.
Q. But how can one have an enemy dosent the Torah teach us not to hate each other ?

A. Tosfos explains that it must be that he saw that person doing a sin & he warned him but he refused to refrain. Now he has a Mitzva to hate him until he repents.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Monday, May 25, 2009

Daf 31 - Quiz

Q. Can there ever be a case of returning a lost find by a field ?

A. Yes. If a flood is heading towards ones field & he has a way of blocking it.
Q. What if an animal is ruining ones field ?
A. The same Mitzva applies if he can stop it.
Q. If someones animal escaped & you return it , is that sufficent or do you need to inform the owner ?
A. You do not have to inform him.
Q. How many times is a person required to try to teach others the right way ?
A. Even 100 times.

Q. What if you have a relative who needs charity , one who lives in your building who needs , in your city & in a different city , who should you help first ?

A. Rambam lists these 4 levels & says we have to follow this list of priorities.
Q. Why is it that sometimes some opinions seem to say that the Torah is merely speaking the way people speak ?
A. The third Tosfos on 31b explains that it is only in unique cases where it is obvious from the verses.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Sunday, May 24, 2009

18 of 613

18 of the official Mitzvos are in Parshas Nosoi.

The word Nosoi means elevated & this Parsha includes the Blessings which Kohanim are to give & we are to receive to become elevated.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.

Daf 30 - Quiz

Q. What are 2 concerns one may have when having guests over ?

A. Not to cause them to be envious of you & not to have them steal things.
Q. Which 2 types of materials are fragile & thus should not be touched while waiting to return them ?

A. Gold & glass
Q. If there is a sock for example in a cemetary or on the street who would be exempt from the Mitzva of returning it ?

A. A kohen is not permitted to enter a cemetary & a person who not carry his own sock is exempt.

Q. What if a person would still like to return it even though it is beneath his dignity is it permitted ?

A. Yes. It is considered going beyond the requirements of the law.

Q. What are 2 reasons for the destruction of Yerusholayim ?

A. For not going beyond the basic requirements & for sinas chinom. Tosfos.

Q. How is it possible to get a Mitzva even 100 times ?

A. If he returned a lost animal & it ran away that many times.
Now may be a good time for a gem of Torah study.